Myopia Management2022-05-17T09:34:36+00:00

Myopia is a widespread vision condition when you cannot see distant objects clearly. It’s usually diagnosed before age 20 and is more commonly known as nearsightedness.

WHAT CAUSES MYOPIA?

When someone has myopia, light enters their eye and focuses in front of the retina instead of directly on the retina. If your eyeball, cornea, or lens is not the right shape or length, the light refracts differently and causes faraway objects to appear fuzzy.

The exact cause of myopia is unknown. Eye experts believe it stems from hereditary and environmental factors – such as reading or using smartphones and computers. The condition typically appears in childhood, as the eyes develop. Myopia usually slows down when the eyes stop growing or around age 20.

Besides being a minor nuisance, myopia is usually harmless. However, in rare circumstances, degenerative myopia can develop. This serious condition is thought to be inherited and is a leading cause of blindness.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MYOPIA

If you have myopia, you may notice:

  • Eye strain and headaches
  • Squinting
  • Tiredness when driving or looking in the distance
  • Faraway objects appear blurry, but close objects are clear

There are additional symptoms to watch for in children. These include shortened attention spans, sitting near the TV, computer, or teacher, and poor academic grades.

MANAGING MYOPIA

There are four common ways to treat myopia: bifocal or multifocal eyeglasses, Orthokeratology, Atropine eye drops, and multifocal contact lenses.

Bifocal or Multifocal Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses apply optical power for near vision tasks to reduce eye strain. Both bifocal lenses, which contain two different prescriptions on the top and bottom of the lens, or multifocal lenses, which have different lens powers for distance, intermediate, and near vision tasks, can help reduce myopia progression.

Orthokeratology: This method works similarly to contact lenses, except they’re used on the eye while asleep. By gently putting pressure on the cornea overnight, you can experience a temporary “lens-like” effect that lasts all day – without having to wear glasses or contacts while awake. This method can slow myopia progression by up to 50 percent in children.

Atropine Eye Drops: Using these medicated eye drops daily can reduce myopia progression. Since they do not correct myopia, you’ll still need to wear eyeglasses or contact lenses.

Multifocal Contact Lenses: Many adults and older children prefer contact lenses to manage their myopia. This treatment method offers a wider field of view than eyeglasses and is better suited for playing sports. Like multifocal eyeglasses, they improve distance vision and reduce eye strain during near vision tasks.

TREATING MYOPIA AT STONEY CREEK OPTOMETRY

Wondering if you or your child has myopia? Our optometrists can diagnose the condition during a comprehensive eye exam. To learn more about myopia or schedule an appointment, reach out to our team today.

An OCT scan is a non-invasive, painless test. It is performed in 5 minutes right in our clinic. Ask us about OCT at your next visit.

Make An Appointment

We proudly serve Stoney Creek and Hamilton East patients with their eye wear needs. Are you looking for a family optometrist? Call us at 905-664-5949 or book an appointment today!